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      What is Citation and Chicago/Turabian?

    This guide is intended to help learn more about citation and how to cite sources in Chicago/Turabian. This guide includes tutorials, online classes, and examples. In this guide you will also learn about plagiarism and how to avoid plagiarism. 

    Note: The information provided in this guide is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. If you need additional help with citing sources, speak with your instructor or contact the Student Success Center for additional help. 

    What is a Citation?

    A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:

    • information about the author
    • the title of the work
    • the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
    • the date your copy was published
    • the page numbers of the material you are borrowing.

    Why should I cite sources?

    Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources:

    • citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from
    • not all sources are good or right -- your own ideas may often be more accurate or interesting than those of your sources. Proper citation will keep you from taking the rap for someone else's bad ideas
    • citing sources shows the amount of research you've done
    • citing sources strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas.

    When do I need to cite?

    Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:

    • whenever you use quotes
    • whenever you paraphrase
    • whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
    • whenever you make specific reference to the work of another
    • whenever someone else's work has been critical in developing your own ideas.

    (Source: website



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