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    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ+) Pride Month is currently celebrated each year inPhoto by Jason Leung on Unsplash the month of June to honor the 1969 Stonewall Uprising in Manhattan.

    The Stonewall Uprising was a tipping point for the Gay Liberation Movement in the United States. In the United States the last Sunday in June was initially celebrated as "Gay Pride Day," but the actual day was flexible. In major cities across the nation, the "day" soon grew to encompass a month-long series of events.

    Today, celebrations include pride parades, picnics, parties, workshops, symposia and concerts, and LGBTQ Pride Month events attract millions of participants around the world. Memorials are held during this month for those members of the community who have been lost to hate crimes or HIV/AIDS. The purpose of the commemorative month is to recognize the impact that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals have had on history locally, nationally, and internationally.

    In 1994, a coalition of education-based organizations in the United States designated October as LGBT History Month. In 1995, a resolution passed by the General Assembly of the National Education Association included LGBT History Month within a list of commemorative months. National Coming Out Day (October 11), as well as the first "March on Washington" in 1979, are commemorated in the LGBTQ community during LGBT History Month.






    Remembering Stonewall

    Here a large crowd commemorates the 2nd anniversary of the Stonewall riots in Greenwich Village of New York City in 1971. Fifty years after the riots, the NYPD made a formal apology on June 6, 2019, stating the police at the time enforced discriminatory laws. "The actions taken by the N.Y.P.D. were wrong--plain and simple," said NYPD police commissioner, James P. O'Neill. 

    Read more about the Stonewall Anniversary 

    Image Credit: Grey Villet/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images

    Stonewall Pioneers

    At the time, homosexual acts remained illegal in every state except Illinois, and bars and restaurants could get shut down for having gay employees or serving gay patrons. Two transgender women of color, Marsha P. Johnson and Sylvia Rivera (far left) were said to have resisted arrest and were among those who threw bottles (or bricks or stones) at the police. They are pictured at a 1973 rally for gay rights in New York City. 

    Read more about the Stonewall Pioneers. 

    Image credit: Diana Davies/The New York Public Library

    Marsha P. Johnson

    Marsha P. Johnson was a black transgender woman and revolutionary LGBTQ rights activist. She later established the Street Transvestite (now Transgender) Action Revolutionaries (STAR), a group committed to helping homeless transgender youth in New York City. 

    Read more about Marsha P. Johnson

    Image credit: Diana Davies/The New York Public Library

    Marsha P. Johnson

    Sylvia Rivera

    Sylvia Rivera was a Latina-American drag queen who became one of the most radical gay and transgender activists of the 1960s and '70s. As co-founder of the Gay Liberation Front, Rivera was known for participating in the Stonewall Riots and establishing the political organization STAR (Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries). 

    Read more about Sylvia Rivera

    Image credit: Kay Tobin/The New York Public Library

    Sylvia Rivera

    The Mattachine Society

    After the Stonewall Riots, a message was painted on the outside of the boarded-up bar reading, "We homosexuals plead with out people to please help maintain peaceful and quiet conduct on the streets of the village." This sign was written by the Mattachine Society--an early organization dedicated to fighting for gay rights. 

    Read more about The Mattachine Society.

    Image credit: Fred W. McDarrah/Getty Images

    The Mattachine Society

    The LGBT Community

    An unidentified group of young people celebrate outside the boarded-up Stonewall Inn after the riots. The bar opened the night after the riots, although it did not serve alcohol. More and more supporters gathered outside the bar, chanting slogans like "gay power" and "we shall overcome."

    Read more about The LGBT Community.  

    Image Credit: Fred W. McDarrah/Getty Images

    LGBT Community
    Reference: A Brief History: Pride Month retrieved from the Library of Congress.